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Wednesday, 25 July 2012

Completed Workshop Pieces

Below are the final workshop photos of my work pieces in various stages of completion.  This is all from a few weeks ago.

The Ratchet (Final Workpiece)

Marking Out

Tapping the first thread

Drilling and reaming the hole for the ratchet wheel

The three copper rivets I made on the lathe

Brass bush with sprung ball bearing inside - made on lathe (fits into the ratchet wheel and used to hold socket on)

Rivets now hammered down

Rivets filed down smooth

Final shape marked out - ready for the milling machine

Milling the ratchet handle

Video showing milling cut on ratchet handle (conventional milling)

After milling

Ends ground down to rounded shape

Rathet wheel turned after first stage on the lathe

Drilling holes into ratchet wheel

After flats have been added so it's 12.7mm AF (across flats)

Turning down the outside diameter to get the ratchet wheel teeth made

Teeth finished

Well within tolerance (measures 38.01mm)

Ratchet pawl marked out

Setting up to centre drill the hole that the bush goes into

Hole drilled

Wheel finished - just needs heat treating and then the bush inserted

Heat treating the ratchet - holding it at cherry red

While cherry red, it's dropped into oil - gains the black colour

Cleaned back off and ready for tempering

Heated to 'blue' colour, then dipped in oil.  Goes black once again.  Then  I pressed the brass bush into the wheel.  All finished.

Brass bush and sprung ball bearing up close.  I then tested it for hardness and it was around 48 rockwell.  This is not quite as hard as standard hex keys etc, but not bad considering the hardening process was done by hand with a blow torch.  As it's a bit too soft it means on the second heating I took it a bit too hot above normal 'blue'.  

Finished - takes about four to five working days to complete!

It's not a Heyco ratchet, but it's pretty good!

Thread and Brass Nut Assembly 

Thread cutting

The thread itself finished - inspection time

Inspecting the thread at 10x magnification

50 x magnification.  Now the pitch of the thread is checked, the angle of cut on the thread, and the  quality of the cut

Brass nut in raw form

Drilling the hole for the internal thread

Turned down to length with inside hole reamed.  Ready for thread cutting

Internal thread cut - continual checks are done while cutting until male fits female well

Cutting the flats onto the nut


The Milled Cube (best paper weight ever)

Turning down the cube to length

Cube after milling - complete

Scraping Plate (serious & tedious pain)

Plate having been filed flat and then hand scraped until smooth - this takes serious patience.  Takes about four hours of scraping to get it done.  Some people have taken up to a whole day to get this bit done!  Hand scraping is used to get surfaces properly flat - you may have heard of hand scraping bearings before?

Top of plate has milled parts.  This part is first

Milling other channels in it

All finished - scraped side is the bottom.  Bottom notch has been hand chiseled out.

Offset Plug (Consists of one male part, one female - offset centre by 10mm) 

Setting up the offset on the lathe with the four jaw chuck and the DTI (dial test indicator)

Video showing dial test indicator.  Each revolution of the pointer = 1mm.  Needs to be ten exact turns when setup on each male and female part so that they marry up perfectly

Turning down to length
Finished parts

Finished parts together.  Drilled hole with a bolt holds parts together

The Trinity


  1. good article

  2. Awesome blog, very informative, some interesting workshop pieces!

  3. Thanks Harry. Good luck and enjoy if you are training.